Instytut Filozofii i Socjologii
Belka
 
Wersja polska
 
 

RESEARCH GROUP
ON ANCIENT PHILOSOPHY AND HISTORY OF ONTOLOGY

Seweryn Blandzi, Associate Professor, Head


Professor Danilo Facca
Professor Zbigniew Król

Assistant Professor Wojciech Wrotkowski

Co-operation:

Prof. Jan Bigaj, Prof. Adam Drozdek (Pittsburgh), Marcin Komorowski PhD, Leszek Skowroński PhD (Hastings), Jacek Ruszczyński PhD, Prof. Jerzy Wojtczak.

Formally established in 2002 the Group carries out research concerning the foundations of philosophy and the history of its concepts and categories on the basis of the primary Greek and Latin sources. The hermeneutics of the problems of Platonism and Aristotelianism is the priority task.

The Group runs its activities on two levels:

I. Analytical (basic) level covers the systematic, historical-genetic research:

1. New translation, analysis and interpretation of the philosophical texts:
- Presocratic thought (Heraclitus, Parmenides, Anaxagoras, Gorgias);
- the late dialogues of Plato (Parmenides, Sophist, Philebus, Alcibiades) and ancient commentaries on them;
- Aristotle’s Metaphysics and Nicomachean Ethics;
- Plato, Xenocrates, Speusippus and the history of Platonism in the light of preserved texts of Plato’s and Aristotle’s commentators (Alexander of Aphrodisias, Syrianus, Proclus, Asclepius, Simplicius);
- Porphyry’s commentary on Plato’s Parmenides (new edition, translation and commentary);
- Marius Victorinus and the first Latin metaphysics;
- Proclus, The Platonic Theology.

2. Metaphilosophical reflection of late Antiquity (Elias, David):
- Elias’ Prolegomena to philosophy (translation and commentary).

3. Metaphysics of light (Pseudo-Dionysius, St. Gregory Palamas).

4. Greek mathematics and philosophy of mathematics; ontological foundations of the ancient science of harmonics:
- The development of the ancient theories of proportions;
- Boethius, De institutione musica (translation and commentary).

5. Work on the thesaurus of the Greek philosophical concepts.

6. Greek theories of soul, mind and self (Presocratics, Plato, Aristotle, Theophrastus, Alexander of Aphrodisias, Porphyry, Themistius, Simplicius, Olympiodorus).

II. Metaphilosophical level deals with:

1. The problem of ontological truth in ancient thought (Parmenides, Gorgias, Plato, Aristotle, Sextus Empiricus) and its modern repercussions, parallels and consequences (G. Leibniz, B. Spinoza, B. Bolzano, G. Frege, E. Husserl, M. Heidegger).

2. The problem of transformation of metaphysics into ontology; the genesis of the modern concept of being.

3. History of ontology, metaphysics and epistemology in the so far unknown or unstudied perspectives:
- Greek inspirations of the modern metaphysics of 17th/18th century: the relation of Leibniz to Presocratics, Platonism, Aristotelianism and Neoplatonism;
- heterogeneous elements of the Arabic thought in Western metaphysics and modern ontology.
- the dialectics of Plato and dialectics of Hegel;
- the relation of Heidegger to: medieval thought (Duns Scotus), metaphysics of the 16th/17th century (Suarez and the second Scholastics) and modern ontology;
- the forming of modern semantic Platonism (semantic realism): B. Bolzano, H. Lotze, G. Frege, H. Rickert, E. Lask, E. Husserl, J.N. Findlay;
- comparative studies on Platonism and phenomenology;
- the concept of theoretical philosophy, the status of ontology and metaphysics as science, the problem of the ultimate grounding of the knowledge about the world in ancient and modern philosophy;
- the significance of Greek thought for understanding philosophy as a point of reference in evaluating the philosophical standpoints of modern and contemporary times.

The work on this level is exemplified by the monographic publications in e.g.:

- “The Philosophical Review” („Przegląd Filozoficzny”):
1997, VI (3/23): „In honour of Juliusz Domański”.
1999, VIII (2/30): „In honour of Barbara Skarga”.
2000, IX (4/36): „The History of Ontology and Metaphysics”.
2001, X (2/38): „The Pre-Socratic Philosophy”.
2002, XI (3/43): „The Ancient and Medieval Philosophy”.
2005, XIV (2/54): „Hermeneutics of the problems of philosophy”.
2007, XVI (1/61): „Hermeneutics of the problems of philosophy”.

- “The Archive of the History of Philosophy and Social Thought” („Archiwum Historii Filozofii i Myśli Społecznej”), 2009-2014.

In the publishing series edited by S. Blandzi: “The Studies on Systematic Philosophy” („Studia z filozofii systematycznej”; IFiS PAN Publishers) the following books appeared:

B. Duszyńska, The Principles of Stoic Somatology (Zasady somatologii stoickiej), 2002.
E. Berti, The Introduction to Metaphysics (Wprowadzenie do metafizyki), 2002.
S. Blandzi, Plato’s Project of the First Philosophy (Platoński projekt filozofii pierwszej), 2002.
J. Christensen, The Essay on the Unity of Stoic Philosophy (Esej o jedności filozofii stoickiej), 2004.
E. Severino, The Return to Parmenides (Powrót do Parmenidesa), 2005.
H.-G. Gadamer, The Beginning of Philosophy (Początek filozofii), 2005.
E. Cassirer, The Myth of the State (Mit państwa), 2005.
P. Florensky, The Meaning of Idealism (Sens idealizmu), 2009.
A. Drozdek, Greek Philosophers as Theologians (Greccy filozofowie jako teolodzy), 2011.
W. Hanuszkiewicz, Hermann Cohen’s Philosophy according to the Debate on the Unity of Transcendental Method (Filozofia Hermanna Cohena w perspektywie sporu o jedność metody transcendentalnej), 2011.
ks. J. Jagiełło, The Unfinished Debate on Philosophical Anthropology: Heidegger-Plessner (Niedokończony spór o antropologię filozoficzną: Heidegger-Plessner), 2011.
S. Blandzi, Between Parmenides’ Aletheiology and Philo’s of Alexandria Ontotheology (Między aletejologią Parmenidesa a ontoteologią Filona), 2013.
P. Parszutowicz, Philosophy as a Critique of Knowledge. Introduction to Ernst Cassirer’s Transcendentalism (Filozofia jako krytyka poznania. Wprowadzenie do transcendentalizmu Ernsta Cassirera), 2013.

In the publishing series edited by S. Blandzi: “Hermeneutics of Philosophy’s Problems” („Hermeneutyka problemów filozofii”; Rolewski Publishers, Toruń) the following volumes have been issued (the entire list of them is available on Polish website):

J. Bigaj, To Understand Metaphysics (Zrozumieć metafizykę), vol. 1, part 1, 2004; part 2, 2005.
Z. Król, Plato and the Foundations of Contemporary Mathematics (Platon i podstawy matematyki współczesnej), 2005.
W. Wrotkowski, The One of Many Names. The God of Heraclitus of Ephesus (Jeden wieloimienny. Bóg Heraklita z Efezu), 2008.
L. Skowroński, Towards a New Hermeneutics of Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics (Ku nowej hermeneutyce Etyki nikomachejskiej Arystotelesa), 2014.

In the publishing series edited by S. Blandzi and M. Olszewski: “Fundamenta. The Studies in the History of Philosophy” („Fundamenta. Studia z historii filozofii”; Antyk Publishers, Kęty) five books were published (in the years 2002-2004) that were devoted to the ancient thought by such authors as K. Albert, W. Beierwaltes, H.-G. Gadamer and P. Hadot.


Within the institutional structure of IFiS PAN the Group co-operates closely with the Department of the Theory of Cognition and Philosophy of Science (since 2001 we organize jointly the seminar titled “Philosophical problems of the bases of knowledge” with participants from all over Poland).

The Group also co-operates with the University centers in the country and abroad (Athens, Copenhagen, Florence, Grenoble, Pittsburgh, Tübingen). The annual, nationwide, scientific conferences, devoted to the systematic analysis of philosophical problems, are carried out within the framework of the “Polish Association of Systematic Philosophy”, established by the Head of the Group.

Address:
Institute of Philosophy and Sociology PAN
00-330 Warsaw, Nowy Świat 72, Room 105
Phone: (48 22) 657-27-65, fax (48 22) 826-78-23