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BOOKS 2009

Red. Henryk Domański, Zbigniew Sawiński, Kazimierz M. Słomczyński
"Sociological Tools Measuring Occupations. New Classification and Scales".
IFiS Publishers, Warsaw 2009.

Table of contents
List of Tables and Figures
Preface and Acknowledgements

Chapter 1: Occupation as an Indication of Social Position

1.1. Classifications of occupations
1.2. Analytical uses of the occupational classifications
1.3. Occupational scales
1.4. Limitations and unsolved problems

Chapter 2: Studies on Occupational Classifications in
2.1. Systematic classifications of occupations in
2.2. Criteria used in social classifications of occupations
2.3. Social Classification of Occupations
2.4. Difficulties in using the Social Classification of Occupations
2.5. Work on modifying the Social Classification of Occupations SCO-1978
2.6. Work on adapting the International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO)
2.7. Polish Sociological Classification of Occupations PSCO-94
2.8. Conclusion

Chapter 3: Social Classification of Occupations in the Context of Respondents’ Answers: Based on the Coding of Research Results
3.1. Analytical goals, methodology, and data sources
3.2. Analysis of the most frequently used coding categories
3.3. Cohesion analysis of major occupational groups
3.4. Conclusion

Chapter 4: Social Classification of Occupations–2009
4.1. Modification criteria
4.2. New principles of assigning occupations to Group 0, “Senior Officials and Managers”
4.2.1 New division of positions in public administration
4.2.2 Top officials of political parties and special-interest organizations
4.2.3 Top managers of large enterprises and other institutions
4.2.4 Middle managerial positions
4.2.5 Incorporating lower-level managerial positions into Group 0
4.2.6 Incorporating managerial positions in trade and services into Group 0

4.3. Group 1, “Specialists”
4.3.1 Sociological interpretation of the composition of Group 1, “Specialists”
4.3.2 Occupations and specialties involving marketing and management of human resources
4.4. Group 2, “Technicians and specialized office workers”
4.5. Group 3, “Other middle-level non-manual workers”
4.6. Group 4, “Sales and service workers”
4.7. Group 5, “Skilled manual workers”
4.7.1 Subgroup of foremen
4.7.2 Internal differentiation in the largest basic categories of manual workers’ occupations
4.7.3 Reducing the number of basic categories in Group 5
4.8. Group 6, “Semi-skilled and unskilled manual workers”
4.9. Group 7, “Farmers”
4.10.Group 8, “Owners of production and service firms”

Chapter 5: Occupational Scales According to Skill Requirements, Complexity of Work, Material Remuneration, and Prestige
5.1. The scale of skill requirements
5.2. The scale of the complexity of work
5.3. The scale of material remuneration
5.4. The scale of occupational prestige
5.5. Conclusion
Appendix 5.1 Scales of Skill Requirements and Complexity of Work
Appendix 5.2 1979 Scale of Socio-economic Status, 2009 Scale of Material
Remuneration, 1979 Scale of Occupational Prestige, and 2009 Scale of Occupational Prestige

Chapter 6: Computer-Aided Coding and Scaling Occupations
6.1. Rules for coding occupations according to SCO-2009
6.2. Structure of the SCO-2009 file in the computer format
6.2.1 Category declarations
6.2.2 Rules for distinguishing key words
6.2.3 Category order
6.2.4 Classification header
6.2.5 Residual categories
6.2.6 Supplementing the classification with additional categories

6.3. Aiding the preparation of a new classification with the sco2009index application program
6.3.1 Working with a classification file
6.3.2 Starting the sco2009index application program
6.3.3 Displaying key words
6.3.4 Analysis of the context in which a given word appears
6.3.5 Distinguishing key words
6.3.6 Revoking key-word status of previously distinguished key words
6.3.7 Navigation between fields
6.3.8 Ending work with the application program

6.4. Content and format of data required for coding occupations
6.4.1 Content of the data set concerning the coded occupation
6.4.2 Presentation of data concerning occupation during the process of coding

6.4.3 Preparation of parameters controlling the application program Command syntax Declaration of the record identifier Declarations of occupations coded Command of initialization for the coded occupation Filter command Group of commands defining available information about the coded occupations Commands generating occupational scales Creating a division into 14 socio-occupational groups
6.4.4 Output-file format
6.4.5 Rules for writing occupational codes in the updated working file

6.5. The coding process
6.5.1 Start of the application program and checking for correctness of parameters
6.5.2 Coding an occupation
6.5.3 Navigation in the file of coded occupations
6.5.4 Documentation of the coding process: Notepad and Report

6.6. Scope of utilization of the sco2009coder application program and users’ rights 23

Chapter 7: Validity of the Social Classification of Occupations–2009
7.1. Schemes for aggregating occupations
7.2. Division into 14 socio-occupational groups
7.3. Delineation of borderlines between groups
7.4. Higher-level aggregation schemes
7.5. SCO application to marketing and public opinion research – ESOMAR Social Grade
7.6 Summary
Appendix 7.1 Input file for the Correspondence Analysis
Appendix 7.2 Input file: Recode of the SCO-2009 elementary codes into 14 and 6 class categories
Appendix 7.3 Input file: Recode of the SCO-2009 elementary codes into ESOMAR Social Grade scale

Appendix: Social Classification of Occupations–2009